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CBA STUDY GUIDE

Washington

This Guide is Broken into 3 sections: People | Causes of the Revolution | Events of the Revolution

People

Paul Revere

Paul RevereI worked as a silversmith but I became famous because of a Longfellow poem about my midnight ride. I’m also well known for my propaganda artwork of the Boston Massacre.

John Adams

johnadamsI was a member of the Continental Congress, I was on the Declaration of Independence Committee, I negotiated the Treaty of Paris 1783 and I was an attorney that represented the British soldiers that killed 5 men at the Boston Massacre.

Abigail Adams

Abigail_AdamsI was the wife a very important man. I wrote many letters to him while he was away at the continental congress. I gave him much advice about remembering the ladies as we deserve rights too.

Wentworth Cheswell

I was the first elected African-American to any public office the history of the United States.

Samuel Adams

Sam AdamsI organized the committees of correspondence so the 13 colonies could communicate about the problems with England. I also organized a secret society named the Sons of Liberty that would be an integral party in our independence.

Mercy Otis Warren

Mercy_Otis_WarrenI was a well-known poet and playwright. I wrote many things that people would call propaganda and would drive the American cause for independence.

James Armistead

I posed as a run-away slave so that I could spy on the British soldiers and record what they said. I would report back to Washington and the American Army.

Benjamin Franklin

BenFranklinI was the first person to mention unifying the colonies into one nation in my Albany Plan of Union with my political cartoon “Join or Die.” I also was on the committee that wrote the Declaration of Independence and I negotiated peace at the Treaty of Paris 1783.

Bernardo de Galvez

BernardoGálvezI was a very powerful Spanish Governor and I helped the American gain independence by smuggling supplies to them through our territory of Louisiana.

Crispus Attucks

taste_009_champney-bloody-massacreI was an African-American that was killed during the Boston Massacre.

King George III

I was the leader of England. Many called me a tyrant because I was unfair, but I just needed money.

Haym Solomon

Haym_Salomon_stampI was a very wealthy immigrant. I loaned billions of dollars to the Americans for the fight for independence.

Patrick Henry

I was one of the best speakers during the Revolution and I was known for a famous speech, “Give me Liberty or Give me Death.”

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas_Jefferson_by_Rembrandt_Peale,_1800I was on the committee to write the Declaration of Independence, but I was the one who actually wrote it down and thought of it.

Marquis de Lafayette

Marquis_de_Lafayette_2I was  French General that was very close to George Washington and I helped fight in many battles of the American Revolution.

Thomas Paine

Thomas_PaineI wrote a pamphlet, or small book, about how it made sense for America to be its own country as we got nothing from England.

George Washington

Gilbert_Stuart_Williamstown_Portrait_of_George_WashingtonThe Commander of the Continental Army and the President of the Continental Congress.

Charles de Montesquieu

I was a great thinker that came up with the ideas of Natural Rights. Jefferson borrowed my ideas and called them Unalienable Rights.

John Locke

Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish. This is apparent with the introduction of currency. In a natural state all people were equal and independent, and everyone had a natural right to defend his “Life, health, Liberty, or Possessions”

Causes of the American Revolution

The French and Indian War

  • Cause: Colonists moved into French Territory.
  • Effect: England won the war. France lost all of their territory in North America. England was in debt.

Proclamation of 1763

  • Cause: Indians and Colonists were still fighting in west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Effect: Colonists were very upset that they were forced to move or that they were denied land.

Sugar Act

  • Cause: England was in debt from the French and Indian War.
  • Effect: Protests and Smuggling

Stamp Act

  • Cause: England was in debt from the French and Indian War.
  • Effect: Protests and Boycotts

Quartering Act

  • Cause: Due to many protests and backlash colonists were forced  house and feed soldiers.
  • Effect: Many colonists were upset and felt their rights were being denied.

Townshend Act

  • Cause: After the Sugar Act and Stamp act were repealed England began to tax British Imports to America.
  • Effect: Widespread protests. “No taxation without Representation!” The economy went down and many people lost jobs.

Boston Massacre

  • Cause: Workers protests in the streets.
  • Effect: Propaganda spreads throughout the colonies suggesting that the King is a Tyrant and we live in Tyranny.

Tea Act

  • Cause: A bad economy forces the East India Tea Company into debt. The Tea Act gives them a discount to sell tea for cheap to the Americas. People feel they are being forced to pay the Tea Tax.
  • Effect: Colonists in the Sons of Liberty dress as Mohawk Indians and destroy millions of dollars worth of tea in the Boston Harbor.

Boston Tea Party

Cause: The Tea Act was the direct Cause.

  • Effect: England felt the need to punish the colonies by shutting down Boston Harbor, Quartering Act again, banning government assemblies, etc.

Intolerable Acts | Coercive Acts

  • Cause: The Boston Tea Party — These were punishments.
  • Effects: Colonists unite for the first time in an assembly known as the  First Continental Congress

First Continental Congress

  • Cause: Intolerable Acts
  • Effects: The 13 colonies work together and unite in a common cause. Colonies organized Militias.

Second Continental Congress

  • Cause: The first congress called for a second meeting a year later.
  • Effect: The olive branch petition and the Declaration of Independence

Olive Branch Petition

A last attempt at peace. The colonist wrote a petition to the king asking to end all problems and return things to the way they were.

Declaration of Independence

Peace was out of the question as battles continued and to get foreign help from France or Spain the colonies must declare that they are a free and independent country from England.

Events of the American Revolution

The Battles of Lexington & Concord

The first battle of the American Revolution. British troops marched on Lexington and Concord to seize arms they were collecting. Colonists refused and shots rang out.

The Battle of Saratoga

The turning point of the war. After the Americans won this battle France agreed to join the war against England and loaned America money, weapons and supplies.

Valley Forge

This was the winter camp in Pennsylvania where Washington waited out the winter with his troops. Here his soldiers faced extreme cold, disease and starvation but realized they had a great leader in George Washington.

The Battle of Yorktown

Yorktown, Virginia is the final battle of the American Revolution where the Redcoats surrendered to Washington and Lafayette. France surrounded the town at sea in a blockade and the troops surrounded the town on land in a siege.

Treaty of Paris 1783

Officially ended the war and gave much land to the American which doubled the size of the United States with our new border now the Mississippi River.

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