The region between the Southern Colonies and the New England Colonies are referred to as the Middle Colonies. These colonies are more diverse compared to the other regions. Many of the people in these colonies came for religious freedom, but other colonies were established with economics in mind.
These colonies also have a diverse history. While Pennsylvania was started by William Penn as an idea of an “holy experiment”, New York was actually started by the Dutch as a trading post until the English captured it and changed its name from New Amsterdam in 1664.
William Penn’s “holy experiment” was safe haven for not only the Quakers, but any group seeking religious freedom. The Quakers were a protestant religious group form England that believed in the equality of all people. Pennsylvania grew in population quickly as many sought a better life. Pennsylvania had great soil for growing wheat and other cereal grains. It also was great location for manufacturing.
New York was established as a colony primarily for trading purposes. After the English captured it, business was conducted as usual. Today, New York is often seen as the economic capital of the world.
The Middle Colonies were a mixture of the New England and Southern Colonies. The climate allowed agriculture to flourish and the large number of immigrants provided the labor necessary for manufacturing to be successful.
The remaining Middle Colonies: Delaware & New Jersey would each be separated from a larger colony. Delaware would form its own colony away from Pennsylvania because the settlers there felt they were too far from the capital. New Jersey was separated from New York after the English captured it to make it easier to govern all the land.